Al Khoei writes:
It isn’t necessary for the one who’s followed in religious rulings to have much love for Ahlul Bayt(as).
📚Sharh fi Urwatul Wuthqa V1,P182
Al Khoei writes:
It isn’t necessary for the one who’s followed in religious rulings to have much love for Ahlul Bayt(as).
📚Sharh fi Urwatul Wuthqa V1,P182
From ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following. “I saw Masma‘ in Madina. In that year he had tried to deliver a certain amount of property to abu ‘Abdallah (a.s) that he returned to him. I asked him about the reason for the return. The narrator has said that he said to me, “When I took the property to him I said, ‘ I had become in charge of the pearls in Bahrayn and I have made four hundred thousand Dirham profit. I have brought eighty thousand Dinar as your share. I did not like to keep your share and disregard what Allah(swt) has decreed to be for you in our properties.” Is there no more from earth and what Allah takes out of it besides one fifth for us, O abu Sayyar?” The whole earth belongs to us. Whatever Allah causes to come out therefrom it belongs to us.” I then said, “I will bring all the property to you.” He said, “O abu Sayyar, we have made it a gift for you and made it lawful for you. Take your property with you. Whatever land is in the hands of our Shi‘a it is lawful for them until Al-Qa’im will rise with Divine Authority. He will make an agreement with them about whatever land is in their hands and will give them permission to use. Whatever land is in the hands of others their earning from it is not lawful until Al-Qa’im will rise with Divine Authority. He will take such lands away from them and will humiliate them
‘Umar ibn Yazid has said, “Abu Sayyar said to me, ‘ I do not find anyone doing business or those in charge of certain tasks who would earn their living lawfully except my self and those for whom they have made it lawful.”
From abu Basir who has said the following. “Once I asked abu ‘Abdallah (as), ‘Is there any Zakat on Imam?’” He said, “O abu Muhammad, you have spoken an impossible word. Do you not know that both this and the next world belong to the Imam? He can place them as he may want or give them to whoever he may want. It is permissible for him from Allah. The Imam said, O abu Muhammad, the Imam never spends a night without Allah‘s right on him for which He would not ask him.”
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Abdallah ibn Ahmad from Ali ibn al-Ni‘man from Salih ibn Hamza from Aban ibn Mus‘ab from Yunus ibn Zabyan or al-Mu‘alla ibn al-Khnith who has said the following. “I asked abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.), ‘What is for you from this earth?” He smiled and then said, “Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, sent Jibril and commanded him to dig with his toe eight rivers on earth. Of these are the River Sayhan and Jayhan which is the River in Balkh (central Asia) the River al-Khshu‘ which is the River al-Shash, river Mihran which is India, River Nile in Egypt, Tigris and Euphrates. All that these rivers provide water or all that take water from them belong to us and whatever is for us is for our Shi‘a. There is nothing for our enemies except what they have usurped. Our friends and supporters in an place bigger than this and this, the sky and earth. The Imam (a.s.) then recited the words of Allah. “They are made for the believers in this world (but others have usurped it from them) and are exclusively for them in the life hereafter (no one would usurp from them).” (7:32)
📚Al Kafi Shareef V1,P206
Imam Musa Ibn Jafar(as) upon hearing of Mufadhals death said: May Allah have mercy upon him he was like my father after my father passed away, may he rest in peace.
📚 Muntahi al-Amal V2,P323
📚Rijal Al Kashi V1,P269
And Sheikh Al-Mufid narrated with his authentic chain of transmission, on the authority of Abdullah bin Al-Fadl Al-Hashemi, he said: I was with Al-Sadiq Ja`far bin Muhammad, peace be upon them, when Al-Mufaddal bin Omar entered, and when he saw him, he smiled at him, then said: “Come To me, O Mufaddal! It is preferable if all my companions knew what you know, as two people disagreed.
📚Mujam Rijal Al Ahadith V19,P328
وروى الشيخ المفيد بسنده الصحيح، عن عبد الله بن الفضل الهاشمي، قال: كنت عند الصادق جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام إذ دخلالمفضل بن عمر، فلما بصر به ضحك إليه، ثم قال: إلي يا مفضل، فوربي إني لأحبك وأحب من يحبك، يا مفضل لو عرف جميع أصحابي ماتعرف ما اختلف اثنان
Jabir ibn Abdillah reported that Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: “Every nation has an enlightened one and the enlightened one of this nation is Salman.” So they said to him: “O Messenger of God. what is meant by an enlightened one?” Then he said: “He tells us about what is hidden from the people. Of that which they need.” One said to him: “How so, O Messenger of God?” He said: “Because he is knowledgeable about my knowledge of me, what is in his heart. Of the knowledge of what was and what will be.”
Mas’adah Ibn Sadaqah reported that Imam As-Sadiq (as) said: “One day, the caution (Taqiyyah) was mentioned to Ali Zain-ul-Abidin (as), whereupon he said: “By God, if Abu Dharr had known what Salman carries in his heart, he would have killed him and the Prophet Muhammad (saw) brothered them together. So what do you expect from the other creatures? The knowledge of the knowledgeable is difficult to comprehend. No one can bear it except a sent prophet or a close angel or a faithful servant whose heart is tested by God for faith. Salman became one of these knowledgeable ones, for he is a man who belongs to us the people of the house. Therefore, i have counted him among the knowledgeable.”
📚Al-Kafi V1, P252
أحمد بن إدريس، عن عمران بن موسى، عن هارون بن مسلم، عن مسعدة ابن صدقة، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: ذكرت التقية يوما عند علي بن الحسين عليهما السلام فقال: والله لو علم أبو ذر ما في قلب سلمان لقتله ولقد آخا رسولالله صلى الله عليه وآله بينهما، فما ظنكم بسائر الخلق، إن علم العلماء صعب مستصعب، لا يحتمله إلا نبي مرسل أو ملكمقرب أو عبد مؤمن امتحن الله قلبه للايمان، فقال: وإنما صار سلمان من العلماء لأنه أمرء منا أهل البيت، فلذلك نسبتهإلى العلماء
Al-Muhajirin and al-Ansar, and others after that, came to Ali(as) . So they said to him: You, by Allah, are Amir al-Muminin and you, by Allah, are the most rightful of the people and the closest to the Prophet(saw). Give us your hand that we might pledge allegiance to you, for by Allah we will certainly die in front of you. So Ali(as) said: If you are truthful, then come to me in the morning with shaven (heads). And none but these three(Abu Dhar, Salman and Miqdad) shaved.
Grading Al Khoei- Sahih
📚Mujam Rijal Al-Ahadith V19,P341
Isa Ibn Hamzah reported that he asked Imam As-Sadiq (as) : “What of the tradition about the four?” He said: “Which one is it?” I said: “The four for whom the Paradise has longed for.” He said: “Yes, to them belongs Salman, Abu Dharr, Al-Miqdad and Ammar.” I said: “Who is the best of them?” He said: “Salman.” Then he kept silent for a while, saying: “Salman acquired such knowledge that Abu Dharr would have disbelieved if he had known.”
حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن إدريس، عن عمران بن موسى، عن موسى ابن جعفر البغدادي، عن عمرو بنسعيد المدائني، عن عيسى بن حمزة قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: الحديث الذي جاء في الأربعة، قال: وما هو؟قلت، الأربعة التي اشتاقت إليهم الجنة، قال: نعم منهم سلمان وأبو ذر والمقداد وعمار، قلت: فأيهم أفضل؟ قال: سلمان، ثمأطرق، ثم قال: علم سلمان علما لو علمه أبو ذر كفر
From Yaqoob bin Shuaib from Abi Abdullah (as) that he said:
“Between Isa (as) and Muhammad (saw) there was a gap of five hundred years out of which for two hundred and fifty years there was neither a prophet nor any learned one from Allah who was apparent. I (the narrator) asked: What did the people follow? The Imam replied: They followed the religion of Isa (as) . I asked: What was their actual condition? He replied: They were believers. Then he said: The earth never remains devoid of a learned one.” Among those who roamed in the lands in search of divine proof was Salman Farsi (as). He continued to move from one learned to another and moved from one jurisprudent to another and remained in the pursuit of divine secrets. He gained guidance through narrations. He awaited for the Qaim, the Qaim and the chief of the formers and the latters, Muhammad (saw) for four hundred years till he received the glad tidings of his birth. When he became certain of deliverance he set out for Tahama and he was taken a captive there.
حدثنا أبي رحمه الله قال حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار عن يعقوب بن يزيد عن محمد بن أبي عمير عن سعد بن أبي خلف عن يعقوب بنشعيب عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال كان بين عيسى وبين محمد عليهما السلام خمسمائة عام منها مائتان وخمسون عاما ليس فيها نبيولا عالم ظاهر قلت فما كانوا قال كانوا متمسكين بدين عيسى عليه السلام قلت فما كانوا قال كانوا مؤمنين ثم قال عليه السلام ولا يكونالأرض إلا وفيها عالم وكان ممن ضرب في الأرض لطلب الحجة سلمان الفارسي رضي الله عنه فلم يزل ينتقل من عالم إلى عالم ومن فقيهإلى فقيه ويبحث عن الأسرار ويستدل بالأخبار منتظرا لقيام القائم سيد الأولين والآخرين محمد صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم أربعمائة سنة حتىبشر بولادته فلما أيقن بالفرج خرج يريد تهامة فسبي
Ja’far As-Sadiq (as) reported that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) said to Salman(as) : “O Salman, if you had shown your knowledge to Miqdad, he would have become disbelieving, o Miqdad, if you had shown your knowledge to Salman, he would have become disbelieving.”
📚Ikhtiyar Ma’rifat Ar-Rijal V1 Page 47
طاهر بن عيسى الوراق، رفعه إلى محمد بن سفيان، عن محمد بن سليمان الديلمي، عن علي بن أبي حمزة، عن أبيبصير، قال سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: يا سلمان لو عرض علمك على مقدادلكفر، يا مقداد لو عرض علمك على سلمان لكفر
From al-al-Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following. “ One day abu ‘Abdallah (as) spoke to us and said, ‘The Messenger of Allah has said, “Whoever would die and is not under the (guardianship) of the Imam his death would be like a death in ignorance.” The narrator has said that I asked, “Is that what the Messenger of Allah has said?” The Imam (a.s.) said, “Yes, by Allah, he has said so.” I then said, “Do all who die without acknowledging the Imam die as if died in ignorance (without religion)?” The Imam (a.s.) said, “Yes, that is right.”
From ibn abu Ya‘fur who has said the following. “I asked abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) about the words the Messenger of Allah. ““Whoever would die and is not under the (guardianship) of the Imam his death would be like a death in ignorance.” The narrator has said I then asked, “Is it death in disbelief (in religion)?” He said, “It is death in error .” I then said, “Thus, whoever would die today and would not have an Imam would his death be considered as if he has died in ignorance (without religion)?” He said, “Yes, that is true.”
From al-Harith ibn al-Mughira who has said the following. “I said to abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) , ‘the Messenger of Allah has said, “Whoever would die without knowing who his Imam is he would die as if has died in ignorance (of religion).” The Imam (a.s.) said, “That is true.” I then said, “Is it the ignorance of uneducated people or ignorance of ones not knowing his Imam?” The Imam (a.s.) said, “It means the ignorance that is disbelief, hypocrisy and error?”
From al-Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar who has said the following. “Abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) has said, ‘Whoever would follow the religion of Allah without hearing (instructions) from a truthful (Imam) person Allah will cause him, inevitably, to suffer hardships. Whoever would claim to have heard from a source other than the one Allah has opened for him, he will be considered as polytheist. The source and door that Allah has opened is the one that trustworthy in the matters of the hidden secrets of Allah.”
📚Al Kafi Shareef V1,P376-377
Sheikh Al Majlisi writes:
Sheikh At-Tusi said: "Whoever fights commander of faithful(as) becomes a disbeliever, as it was established by agreed opinion of group (i.m shias). Because whoever fought him, he rejected his Imamah, and fought (against) it. And fighting (against) the Imamah is disbelief, like fighting (against) the prophethood is disbelief. Ignorance in them is same same. And his saying: Whoever dies without knowing Imam of his time, dies with death of ignorance. And death of ignorance couldn't happen except if on disbelief.”
📚Bihar Al Anwar V32,P321
The Holy Prophet said: Whoever dies without an Imam dies a Pagan death. And whoever pulls their away from obedience He comes on the day of judgement without any argument.
📚Musnad Abu Dawood At-Tayalisi Published by Dar Al-Hajr V3,P425
Narrated from Aswad Ibn Amar from A’asim from Abu Salih from Muawiya: The Holy Prophet(saw) said: Whoever dies without an Imam dies a Pagan death.
📚Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal V13,P188
Abdullah Ibn Omar said: The Holy Prophet(saw) said whoever leaves Jamaa in the amount of one foot. He has thrown away the rope of Islam from his neck. Whoever dies and doesnt have an Imam(guide) of the group verily he dies the death of Jahiliyya...
-Hadith is sahih per conditions of the two sheikhs(bukhari muslim)
📚Mustadrak Ala Sahihain V1,P150
,,Abdullah ibn Umar came to Abdullah ibn Mutii during the battle of Harra during the reign of Yazid ibn Muawiya. Abdullah ibn Mutii said:Please sit down. Ibn Omar replied: i didnt come here to sit down i have come here to warn you of a hadith i heard from The Messanger of Allah:Whoever defies the caliph he will have no excuse in front of Allah and any such person if they die without the pledge of allegiance they die as pagans.”
📚,,Sahih” Muslim P942
Hafidh ibn Hajar writes:
,,The death of Ignorance is the death of the people of Jahilyyah who were astray because they didnt have a leader. And it doesn’t necessarily mean that such a person dies as a Kafir rather he dies as a sinner.
The second possibility is that a person dies exactly like the pagans from pre islamic period did and thats the apparent meaning which has a proof in another hadith where The Holy Prophet(saw) said: A person who goes astray from obedience to The Imam by one foot throws away the rope of Islam from his neck.”
📚Fath Al-Bari V13,P7
Sheikh Hurr Al Amili wrote an entire chapter with hadiths disproving revolution before the return of The Imam(ajf)
Chapter-Under whom Jihad is obligatory and forbiddance of Jihad under anyone other than The Just Imam.
Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Tatriy has narrated from those who he has mentioned in his book - from Ali ibn af-Nu’man from Suwayd af-Qalanisiy from Bashir al-Dahhan who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I saw a dream in which I said to you, “Fighting alongside one who is not an Imam, obedience to whom is obligatory, is unlawful just like consuming dead animals, blood and pork for food. You said to me (in my dream), “That is how it is.’” Abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘That is how it is. That is how it is.’”
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from af-Hakam ibn Miskin from ‘ Abd af-Malik ibn ‘ Amr who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said to me, ‘O ‘Abd al-Malik, how is it that I do not see you go to these places where the people of your town go?’ I then asked, ‘Which places do you mean?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘To Juddah, ‘Abadan, al-Massisah and Qazwin.’ I then said, ‘I wait for your cause to materialize and follow you.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘That by Allah is true. If there was anything good in it they could not arrive there before us.’ He (the narrator) has that he then said to him, ‘Al-Zaydiyah group says, ‘There is no difference between us and Ja‘far, except that he does not think Jihad is necessary.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Do I not consider it necessary? By Allah, I do consider it necessary but I dislike leaving my knowledge in their ignorance.’”
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthman from ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “’Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ‘Abbad al-Basriy met Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, on the way to Makkah and said, ‘O Ali ibn al-Husayn, you have disregarded Jihad because it is difficult but you have inclined toward al-Hajj because of the ease in it. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, says, “Allah has purchased the souls and property of the believers in exchange for Paradise. They fight for the cause of Allah to destroy His enemies and to sacrifice themselves. This is a true promise which He has revealed in the Torah, the Gospel, and the al-Quran. No one is more true to His promise than Allah. Allow this bargain to be glad news for them. This is indeed the supreme triumph.’” (9:111) Ali ibn al-Husayn, Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Complete the verse.’ He then recited: ‘(The believers) who repent for their sins, worship Allah, praise Him, travel through the land (for pious purposes), kneel down and prostrate themselves in obedience to Allah, make others do good and prevent them from sins and abide by the laws of Allah, will receive a great reward. Allow this to be glad news for the believer.’ (9:112) Ali ibn al-Husayn, Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘If we see these kinds of people with these qualities then Jihad along side with them is more virtuous than al-Hajj.’”
From Al-Hussein bin Al-Abbas bin Al-Jarish, from Abu Jafar, the Second (as): “I know of no effort (Jihad) at this time except the great and small pilgrimage and charity.”
Chapter- Ruling on rising up with a sword before the return of Al Qaim.
Umar Ibn Hanzalah reported that Imam As-Sadiq (as) said: “There are five signs before the revolt of the rising one (Qa’im): The cry, the descendant of Abu Sufyan, the darkness, the murder of the pure soul and the Yamani.” I said: “My life be sacrificed to you, if a descendant of the people of your house goes to the battlefield before these signs, do we go to the battlefield with him?” He said: “No!”
Muhammad Ibn Husain reported that Imam Ali (as) said: “Stay firm on the ground and endure the misfortune and move neither your hands nor your swords in the lust of your tongues and do not rush to what God does not rush for you, for whoever of you dies on his bed, knowing the right of his Lord and the right of His Messenger and the people of his house, dies a martyr. His reward is due to God, and the reward of what he intended of his righteous deed is due to him, and the intention takes the place of his drawing from his sword, for everything has a time and a term.”
📚Wasail-ush-Shia V15 P50 – 56
Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ali Bin Al-Hakam, from Abu Ayyub Al-Khazaz, from Umar Bin Hanzala who said: I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘There are five signs before the rising of Al-Qaim (asws) – The scream, and the Sufyani, and the sinking (of the earth), and the killing of the pure soul (Al-Nafs Al-Zakkiyya) and Al-Yamany’. So I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (asws), if someone from your (asws) Household comes out (in revolt) before these signs, shall we come out (revolt) with him?’ He (asws) said: ‘No’. So when it was the next morning, I recited this Verse: “[26:4] If We please, We should send down upon them a sign from the heaven so that their necks should stoop to it”. I said, ‘Is this the scream?’ He (asws) said: ‘If that was, then the necks of the enemies of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic would stoop down in humility’.
Hassan According to Al Majlisi(rh)
📚Miratul Uqool V26,P406
A number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Usmaan Bin Isa, from Bakr Bin Muhammad, from Sudeyr who said: Abu Abdullah (as) said: O Sudayr ! Be seated in your houses and remain calm, and stay like that overnight, and when the day arrives, and Al-Sufyani has come out, so get out to come to us (asws) even if you have to walk on your feet.
Sahih according to Bahboudi(extreme rijalist who saw most of Al Kafi as weak)
📚Sahih ,,Al Kafi” V3,P398
Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Al-Husayn, from Abdul Rahmaan Bin Abu Hashim, from Al-Fazl Al-Katib who said: I was in the presence of Abu Abdullah (asws) when a letter of Abu Muslim came to him (asws)’. So he (asws) said: ‘There is no answer to your letter. Exit from us (asws)’. So some of us left the others. He (asws) said: ‘Which thing are you walking upon, O Fazl? Allah (azwj) does not Make Haste due to the hastiness of the servants. And removing a mountain from its place is easier than toppling a government whose term has not ended’. Then said: ‘So and so, son of so and so’ – until he (asws) reached seven from the sons of so and so’. I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (asws), so what are the signs with regards to what is in between us and you (asws)?’ He (asws) said: ‘The earth will not depart (end), O Fazl, until the Sufyani comes out. So if the Sufyani comes out, so answer to us (asws) (to our (asws) call)’. And he (asws) said it thrice: ‘And it is inevitable’.
Sahih according to Bahboudi
📚Sahih ,,Al Kafi” V3, P399
Al Khoei writes: It isn’t necessary for the one who’s followed in religious rulings to have much love for Ahlul Bayt(as). 📚 Sharh fi Urw...